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Coal Mining Appalachia: Southern U.S.A Culture, History ...

Coal mining continues in the Southern Appalachian region today. The physical scars of mechanized strip mining can be seen throughout the hills. But it is the social and economic scars on the region itself that remain below the surface. For more information on coal mining history in Appalachia and elsewhere, check out this site: Kentucky Coal ...

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Land reclamation and strip-mined coal production in appalachia

Oct 01, 1976· The direct short-run effect on employment in Appalachia resulting%om legislation requiring full reclamation of strip-mined lands can be estimated once the short-run LTN, SPORE AND NEPHEW TABLE VI Employment Opportunities Created by Reclamation Activities in Appalachian Coal Mining Industry Subregion Man-hours employed for reclamation 50% ...

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Environmental justice and coal mining in Appalachia ...

Early attempts to regulate strip-mining on the state level were largely unsuccessful due to lax enforcement. The Appalachian Group to Save the Land and the People was founded in 1965 to stop surface mining. In 1968, Congress held the first hearings on strip mining. Ken Hechler introduced the first strip-mining abolition bill in Congress in 1971 ...

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Despite Decline of Coal, Mining ... - Appalachian Voices

Nov 13, 2020· Coal River Mountain isn't the only area in West ia facing new mountaintop removal and other forms of strip mining. Between 2018 and 2020, WVDEP issued permits for 20 new surface mines across the state's southern counties, covering a combined 9,016 acres, or a little over 14 square miles, according to an Appalachian Voices analysis of ...

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Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia ...

Sep 21, 2020· After mining. On the right side, the same watershed is shown after the mountain rock layers have been removed, crushed, and deposited in the stream valley. Flat surfaces of remaining rock layers are less permeable, producing higher surface runoff into a flood control channel (f) and valley fill (g) (height is approximate).

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From Pick and Shovel to Mountaintop Removal: Environmental ...

May 22, 2021· MINING AND APPALACHIAN COMMUNITIES: A . HISTORY AS DARK AS THE MINES THEMSELVES. Historian Ronald Eller describes the solitude of the mountains of southern Appalachia in the last decade of the nineteenth century: 1 In "mountaintop removal" strip mining, coal companies blast the tops off mountains to reveal the coal seams beneath them.

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Hand-Planted Forests Reclaiming Strip Mines in Appalachia ...

Jun 09, 2021· The environmental legacy of coal mining in Appalachia is not pretty. Strip mining sheared mountaintops, polluted waterways, and left scars on the land. An estimated 1.5 million acres of land in seven states—Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, ia, West ia, and Tennessee—covered by the Appalachian Regional Reforestation ...

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Strip mining's legacy haunting Appalachia – East Bay Times

Aug 03, 2007· Strip mining and mountaintop removal are the best known forms of surface mining, in which vegetation, soil and rock overlying the mineral deposits are scraped away.

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Lost Mountain: A Year in the Vanishing Wilderness Radical ...

This may have been a fairly good representation of strip mining in Appalachia in 2006, however the passing of time should also be taken into account, as the subject is an ever-evolving industry. Reece spent a whole year, from September 2003 to September 2004, watching one mountain in Kentucky as it was destroyed for the purpose of extracting coal.

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Study of strip and surface mining in Appalachia. [Region ...

Study of strip and surface mining in Appalachia. [Region includes 373 counties in Ala., Ga., Ky., Md., N. Y., N. C., Ohio, Pa., S. C., Tenn., Va., and W. Va]

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Abandoned Mined Land Reclamation in Appalachia | Special ...

According to a compilation of individual states' data, it has been estimated that over 8.4 billion acres of land nationwide have been disturbed by strip mining practices, including at least 1.2 million by mountaintop removal mining in Central Appalachia. This data is reported on a yearly basis to the U.S. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation ...

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Mountaintop Removal in Appalachia – lindsaymcnamara.com

May 11, 2012· The Appalachian economy is extremely reliant on mountaintop removal (MTR) mining, despite the low amount of jobs it produces. Strip mining is approximately 2.66 times more productive than underground mining, in terms of short tons produced per miner-hour.

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Plundering Appalachia - The Tragedy of Mountaintop-Removal ...

Mountaintop removal is strip-mining on steroids. Massive dump trucks, huge bulldozers, and ten-story-high draglines can undo in months what geological processes took millions of years to build. Typically, multiple coal seams are exposed as a mountaintop-removal operation dismantles the …

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American Strip Mining | Environment | Appalachian ...

May 26, 2017· Strip Mining for coal in the Appalachian Mountains.First Shown: 25/07/1974If you would like to license a clip from this video please e mail:[email protected]

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We still blow up mountains to mine coal: Time to end the ...

May 01, 2021· In fact, the West ia Department of Environmental Protection celebrated Earth Day by rubber-stamping a new strip-mining permit for an out …

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Trump administration halts strip-mining health study ...

Aug 21, 2017· Trump administration halts strip-mining health study across Central Appalachia ... "We have a public health crisis in Appalachia that is the direct result of mountaintop removal mining…

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Effects of Strip Mining on the Appalachian Environment ...

Deforestation and erosion are the most obvious effects of strip mining. In order to get to the minerals beneath the surface of the earth, miners must clear-cut the area in which they will be working. According to the EPA, mountain top removal will affect 6.8% of forested land in the Appalachians (United).

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Coal Mining in Appalachia - YouTube

This video is about Coal Mining via Mountain Top Removal. Appalachian Coal MiningSee how coal is mined in the Appalachian Mountains via Mountain Top Removal...

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Opponents Move to Curb Appalachia Strip Mining - The New ...

Nov 27, 1971· "If strip mining is hot abol ished in Appalachia, It will be the most dangerous occupation in America," Mr. Branscoine told a Senate subcoMinittee On Nov. 16. "I cannot emphasize too greatly ...

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Coal: Mountaintop Removal in Appalachia | Open Source with ...

Coal can be dug underground or in surface strip mines — and one form of strip-mining called mountaintop removal (MTR) is the worst of the worst. MTR predominates in central Appalachia — coal-rich and income-poor — on ancient mountains that support some of the most diverse temperate ecosystems in the world.

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In Appalachia, the coal industry is in collapse, but the ...

Aug 30, 2015· In the 1970s, as more and more of the readily available coal was extracted from West ia's underground mines and ridge lines, companies decided to take strip mining to its logical ...

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Strip mining health study must continue in Appalachia ...

Aug 25, 2017· More: Trump administration halts strip-mining health study across Central Appalachia. Kentucky's other congressional leaders must push back against the …

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American Coal Mining | Strip Mines | Fossil Fuels ...

May 17, 2017· for over 25 years coal companies have strip mined thousand of acres of american appalchian mountains. thousand of acres of country are laid waste as whole mo...

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Effects of Strip Mining on the Appalachian Environment ...

Strip Mining 505 Words | 3 Pages. Over the years countless people have tried to pass legislation to stop a endemic of destruction. The purpose of this research is to inform the uniformed and curious about the ecological and some economical effects that strip mining of Appalachia and spread information of the deleterious effects in has inflicted.

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Health Effects of Mountaintop Removal and Coal Mining in ...

Apr 27, 2018· Coal mining has been around for hundreds of year, but recently between 2013 and 2017, coal miners in parts of Appalachia have been having more cases of severe black lung disease (Popovich, 2018).

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Strip Mining In Appalachia | Special Collections Research ...

Surface mining, strip mining, and mountaintop removal are terms that are often incorrectly used interchangeably. This pathfinder focuses on the history of strip mining in Appalachia including grass roots resistance, cultural and environmental impact, and to a lesser extent, coal industry depictions of strip mining and its impact on Appalachia.

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Appalachia's Strip-Mined Mountains Face a Growing Climate ...

Nov 21, 2019· It found 1,400 square miles of Appalachia within the Ohio River basin has been scarred by strip mining, with the tops and sides of mountains blasted away and steep mountains valleys filled with so-called "waste rock.". The area with the largest extent of strip-mining damage in the entire Ohio River basin is the Big Sandy watershed, which ...

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Appalachia's Strip-Mined Mountains Face A Growing Climate ...

Nov 21, 2019· Across Appalachian coal country, mining companies, flood victims, environmental advocates and academic researchers have debated the extent to which strip mining contributes to flooding, sometimes ...

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PLUNDERING APPALACHIA - "Strip Mining On Steroids"

PLUNDERING APPALACHIA - "Strip Mining On Steroids" (09/20/2010) One of the latest books on mountaintop removal - "Plundering Appalachia," details many of the region's problems related to extracting coal, the cheap way with the destruction of mountains. It says "Appalachia, a region of extraordinary beauty and natural diversity, is under attack."

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Strip Mining Coal Appalachia High Resolution Stock ...

ID: F21802 (RM) An aerial view from a aircraft show an Appalachia mountain being mined by the strip mining practice called 'Mountain Top Removal' in southern West ia, July 24, 2009. This controversial mining technique blasts off the tops of mountains so massive machines can mine …

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Strip Mining Appalachia's History - The Understory ...

Strip Mining Appalachia's History. We're starting hear rumblings that Arch Coal might be preparing to begin mountaintop removal coal mining operations on historic Blair Mountain. Blair Mountain is the site of the second largest armed insurrection in U.S. …

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How to Restore a Million Acres of Strip-Mined Land? Bring ...

Apr 13, 2019· Wildlife restoration is just one of the new uses of about 1.5 million acres of Central Appalachian land affected by strip- and mountaintop-removal-mining since the 1970s. Other communities have turned their land into sites for solar energy farms, outdoor recreation hubs, industrial parks, and more.

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Coal Controversy In Appalachia - NASA

Mountaintop removal coal mines have changed the shape, altitude, and ecology of large areas of the Appalachian coalfields. This photograph shows part of the Kayford Mountain Mine in West ia on October 22, 2006. [© Vivian Stockman, Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition (OVEC).] The most controversial mines are known as mountaintop removal ...

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Coal Dethroned In Appalachia, the Coal Industry Is in ...

Aug 25, 2015· The former town is still, however, home to an active strip mine called Alpha's Republic #1, which employs few people but has managed to extract a considerable amount of coal. In 2012, organizers with the climate justice group Mountain Justice formed a human blockade to shut down work traffic going in and out of the site.

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The Problem of Reclamation of Derelict Land After Coal ...

The Problem of Reclamation of Derelict Land After Coal Strip Mining in Appalachia The Problem of Reclamation of Derelict Land After Coal Strip Mining in Appalachia Jerry E. Green 9 INTRO DUCTION. The spoil banks and highwalls left after strip mining for coal has taken place have long been the object of criticism from those who are concerned about the detrimental effects of their appearance ...

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USA: Mountaintop Mining Is Destroying More Land for Less ...

Jul 31, 2018· Strip mining across the mountaintops of Appalachia is scarring as much as three times more land to get a ton of coal than just three decades ago, new research shows. The data and a series of new maps that track the spread of surface mining across the region suggest that even as the industry has declined, what continues likely has an oversized ...

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A Troubling Look at the Human Toll of Mountaintop Removal ...

Nov 21, 2017· The devastating environmental impacts of mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia have long been well documented. But over the last decade, Indiana University researcher Michael Hendryx has been examining another consequence of this form of coal surface mining that had previously been overlooked: the health impacts on the people in the surrounding communities.

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Strip Mining in Appalachia (Film) – Appalshop

Strip Mining In Appalachia is an early Appalshop examination of the desecration of land and communities through surface mining of coal. A mine operator's opinion that environmental impact is minimal is contrasted with statements from people whose homes have been ruined by bad mining practices. Aerial footage is used to show strip mines, while ...

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Plundering Appalachia - The Tragedy of Mountaintop-Removal ...

Appalachia, a region of extraordinary beauty and natural diversity, is under attack. Mountaintop removal is strip mining on steroids—a radically destructive form of surface mining whereby coal companies bulldoze the forest, decapitate the peaks with explosives, push the shattered rubble into adjacent valleys, and destroy the ecologically crucial headwater streams that had been there before.

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strip mining Appalachian towns | The Pop History Dig

Mar 21, 2014· The song, written for Prine's father, is about how coal mining altered the countryside in western Kentucky. In this case, the type of mining at issue was strip mining. Companies such as Amax, Pittsburg & Midway, and Peabody Coal Company had either acquired coal land or engaged in strip mining in Muhlenberg County, Kentucky during the 1960s ...